《泰晤士报》对华报道的转述引语研究On Reported Speech of News about China in The Times毕业论文

 2021-04-19 12:04

摘 要

在当今全球化背景下,政治、商业等跨国界跨民族的交流日益频繁,英语新闻作为人们获取外界信息、了解全球事件的渠道之一愈发得到研究者的重视。转述引语作为新闻语篇中的一个重要成分,在加强报道的客观性、公正性、真实性方面发挥着主要作用。本研究采用定量和定性相结合的方法,随机选取2018年1-3月份40期《泰晤士报》中90篇对华报道为研究对象,通过从消息来源、转述方式、转述动词三个方面探究转述引语对新闻语篇的客观性的影响,从而培育中国读者对英语新闻批评阅读的意识和能力。

研究发现:《泰晤士报》中的对华报道总体上秉持其客观公正的原则,并通过转述引语加强了新闻语篇的客观性;但另一方面,通过操纵转述引语,作者在对华报道中潜移默化地传达了一定的主观态度和意识形态倾向。因此读者在阅读英语新闻时应保持清醒的头脑和理性的思维方式,客观、全面地认识新闻作者或媒体的主观立场和新闻事件。

关键词:转述引语;新闻客观性;泰晤士报

Abstract

Globalization in the current world promotes increasingly frequent exchanges among various countries, nations, such as political, commercial activities. Being one of the channels to obtain the information from the outer world and know global events, English news has received more and more attentions from researchers. As an important part in news discourse, reported speech plays a crucial role in enhancing the objectivity, impartiality and authenticity of news. Combining quantitative methods with qualitative methods, the study selects 90 news about China in the 40 issues of The Times from January to March as research objects of this study. The aim is to discuss the influence reported speech makes on the objectivity of news discourse from three aspects: news sources, reporting modes, and reporting verbs, thereby cultivating the awareness and ability of Chinese readers to read English news critically.

The study finds that on the one hand, the objectivity of the news about China in The Times is maintained and strengthened by reported speech, on the other hand, the author conveys his attitude and ideologies subtly by utilizing reported speech. Therefore readers should keep a clear mind and maintain a rational way of thinking while reading English news, and understand the subjective position of news writer or media and news events objectively and comprehensively.

Key Words: reported speech; the objectivity of news; The Times

Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Research background 1

1.2 Research questions and goals 2

1.3 Data collection and research method 2

1.4 Organization of the paper 3

2 Previous studies of reported speech and the objectivity of news discourse 4

2.1 research preview of reported speech 4

2.1.1 overseas research status on reported speech 4

2.1.2 domestic research status on reported speech 4

2.2 the research aspects of objectivity of reported speech of news discourse 5

3 Reporting modes and the objectivity of news about China 7

3.1 Direct speech 7

3.2 Indirect speech 8

3.3 Preset direct speech 8

4 News sources and the objectivity of news about China 10

4.1 Accurate news sources 10

4.2 Implicit news sources 11

4.3 Zero reference to news sources 11

5 Reporting verbs and the objectivity of news about China 13

5.1 Neutral reporting verbs 15

5.2 Positive reporting verbs 16

5.3 Negative reporting verbs 16

6 Conclusion and Limitations 18

6.1 major findings 18

6.2 limitations and suggestions for future study 18

References 20

Acknowledgements 22

On reported speech of news about China in The Times

1 Introduction

1.1 Research background

The current world witnessed the rapid expansion of globalization and successful enforcement of “one belt, one road” initiative. More and more frequent cross-nation communication urges media to provide information of the outer world for people, namely, news, which not only shapes the world in our eyes, but also guides public opinions. Due to an increasingly significant role it plays, researchers have always been putting high emphasis on news discourse and devoting their time to the study on it. Many are doing this in the method of critical discourse analysis, which proposes to reveal the relation between languages and society, so as to prove that news report contains attitude, opinion and ideology of the reporters or the media.

Reported speech, as a crucial part in news discourse, has attracted more and more attention of researchers. On the one hand it is a means to enhance the objectivity and truthfulness of the news discourse by citing others’ words, on the other hand, the reporters’ attitude can be conveyed and influence the readers’ opinion about the news events unconsciously by choosing different reported modes, news sources and reporting verbs.

However, traditional researches often focus on the structural and grammatical changes when conversions happen from direct speech to indirect speech from the perspective of syntax. Some researchers make use of critical discourse analysis to study on reported speech in different national newspapers but the analysis was merely centered on one aspect of reported speech, such as reporting modes, or news sources. Therefore, integrating quantitative with qualitative analysis, this paper chooses a limited number of news discourse about China from the representative newspaper “The Times” as sample and conducts data statistics and analysis, trying to find the relationship between the reported speech with the objectivity of the news discourse.

1.2 Research questions and goals

As we can see from the above, the central topic of this paper is objectivity. Just as Volosinov (1973) said that the reported speech has been processed actually and the topic of that has been chosen and adjusted in advance, so absolute objectivity remains doubtful. The goal of this research is to find out the effect the reporting modes, news sources, reporting verbs have on the objectivity of news sources. The following research questions will be discussed:

First, what is the overall relationship between the objectivity of news discourse with news sources, reporting verbs and reporting modes of reported speech in “The Times”?

Second, how can the reporter convey his or her attitude and ideology in the news discourse?

Last, what attitude should we hold when reading news discourse?

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