袋包货物拆装箱自动化工艺及设备方案设计与分析毕业论文

 2021-11-23 09:11

论文总字数:37083字

摘 要

近年来随着国家对外贸易的不断扩大和港口码头交通运输需求的增大,交通运输效率需要在短期内得到快速地提升,而现有的传统人工拆装箱货物方式效率较低,使用成本高,并且存在一定的安全隐患,已不能满足当下拆装货运输量的要求。因此,需要参考国内外的拆装箱自动化工艺进行相关的工艺系统设计经验,计划设计一个袋包货物拆装箱自动化工艺系统。

本文主要就袋包货物拆装箱工艺系统进行相关设备方案的设计与分析,同时完成装卸效率的分析和设备的选型。本文的设计分析主要可分为装卸工艺设计与效率分析、自动化工艺设计、内堆机器人设计、方案拟定以及确定推荐方案四个部分。第一部分主要内容为装卸工艺设备的技术参数确定以及装卸效率分析,第二部分的主要内容为自动化工艺系统的设计计算,第三部分的主要内容为搬运货物的液压机械手的设计选型以及相关参数计算,第四部分为方案拟定及确定方案,对不同的设计方案进行相关的经济性评价,最终得出推荐方案。

通过综合论证比较,在满足当下货物拆装箱自动化工艺系统相关设计要求的前提下,根据有关部门推荐的设计规划方案,本着投资成本最少、回报率最高的设计宗旨,即技术可行性高、经济性较强的设计原则,结合当代国内外自动化拆装箱工艺系统和给出的袋包化肥货物的具体设计规格条件,确定了袋包装货物拆装箱自动化工艺及设备设计的推荐方案。推荐方案为采用液压系统驱动式机器人,搬运规格为50kg的袋包装货物的设计方案,机械手倒挂安装,输送带可根据需要前后收缩张开。本文所得结论可为如今袋包装货物自动化工艺系统的相关设计提供一定的参考价值。

关键词:机械手;装卸工艺;自动化;袋包装货物;集装箱码头;装箱

Abstract

In recent years, with the continuous expansion of the country's foreign trade and the increasing demand for port and wharf transportation, The efficiency of transportation needs to be improved rapidly in a short period of time. However, the existing traditional manual method of unpacking goods is low in efficiency, high in use cost, and has certain security risks, which can not meet the requirements of the current freight volume.Therefore, it is necessary to design an automatic process system for the unpacking of bags and bags with reference to the relevant process system design experience at home and abroad.

This article mainly deals with the design and analysis of the relevant equipment scheme for the process system of unpacking and assembling of bags and packages, as well as the analysis of loading and unloading efficiency and the selection of equipment. The design and analysis of this article can be divided into four parts: loading and unloading process design and efficiency analysis, automatic process design, inner reactor robot design, scheme formulation and determination of recommended scheme.The first part is mainly about the determination of technical parameters and the analysis of handling efficiency of handling process equipment. The second part is about the design and calculation of automatic process system. The third part is about the design and selection of the hydraulic manipulator for handling goods and the calculation of relevant parameters. The fourth part is about the formulation and determination of the scheme, which is related to different design schemes Economic evaluation, and finally get the recommended scheme.

Through comprehensive argumentation and comparison, under the premise of meeting the relevant design requirements of the current automatic process system for goods disassembly and assembly, according to the design planning scheme recommended by the relevant departments, in line with the design principle of the least investment cost and the highest return rate, that is, the design principle of high technical feasibility and strong economy, combined with the automatic disassembly and assembly process system at home and abroad and the bag packaging given According to the design specifications and conditions of fertilizer goods, the

recommended scheme of automatic process and equipment design for unpacking and assembling of bag packing goods is determined.The recommended scheme is to use the hydraulic system driven robot to carry the 50kg bag packing goods. The manipulator is hung upside down and installed. The conveyor belt can be retracted and opened back and forth as required. The conclusion of this paper can provide some reference value for the design of automatic process system of bag packing goods.

Key Words: Manipulator; loading and unloading process; automation; bag packing goods; container terminal; packing;

目 录

第1章 绪论

1.1设计背景与意义 1

1.2国内外集装箱装卸设备发展现状 2

1.2.1 国外集装箱装卸设备发展现状 2

1.2.2 国内集装箱装卸设备发展现状 2

1.3拆装箱工艺以及设备的发展现状..................................................................3

1.4本文设计内容.................................................................................................4

第2章 拆装箱自动化工艺系统设备工艺设计 5

2.1 自动化工艺系统的组成与工作原理 6

2.2 拆装箱辅助移动系统技术参数设计..........................................................8

   2.3 堆垛机器人技术参数确定 8

2.4 运输带速度配置与选择..............................................................................9

2.5 工艺系统的效率计算................................................................................10

2.6 货物拆装箱固定端取放方案设计............................................................11

2.6.1装箱过程取放方案设计.......................................................................11

2.6.2拆箱过程取放方案设计.......................................................................12

2.7 本章小结 ................................................................................................ 12

第3章 堆垛机机器人的方案设计 13

   3.1机械人的总体设计 13

   3.2 机械人腰座结构的设计 14

   3.3 机械人手臂的结构设计 16

   3.4机械人腕部的结构设计 17

3.5 机械人驱动系统的设计..........................................................................19

3.6 机械人的机械传动机构的设计..............................................................21

3.7 机械人抓包堆放的运动学分析..............................................................24

   3.8 液压系统理论分析和设计计算............................................................. .27

3.9本章小结...................................................................................................36

  1. 经济性效益分析...........................................................................................37

  4.1 投资估算 37

4.1.1编制内容与相关编制依据 37

4.1.2取费标准 37

4.2方案成本节省分析 38

4.3基础数据 38

4.4经济效益分析...........................................................................................39

4.5财务效益分析...........................................................................................40

4.6经济性分析结论及推荐方案选择............................................................42

第5章 总结 45

参考文献

附录1货物搬运机械手装配设计图

附录2拆装箱自动化工艺系统总体图

致谢

第1章 绪论

1.1设计背景与意义

集装箱化是指将零件货物集中装入大型标准化的货箱内,以简化装卸工作,加速货物运输的发展趋势。这种方法最早在美国国内铁路和公路系统使用,60年代用于进出口贸易,1966年在美国——西欧航线上正式采用,以后逐渐扩展至北欧、地中海、日本、大洋洲之间的主要航线。

实现货物的集装箱化比起传统货物运输的主要优点是集装箱在送到客户手中之前一直是密封的,这样能减少损坏和被盗。箱子的运输过程以及目的地受到监控。集装箱是流动的仓库,可以将它们从制造商处转移到接收的码头,在货物启用前可以一直存放在那里。

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