关键词：南海主权 国际法依据 双边条约 诉讼和仲裁
International Law Protection of the South China Sea interests
South China Sea is one of the sea area that China owned and efficiently managed from ancient to now. It is important to China not only for its strategic position, but also for the large quantity of natural resources. In the last few years, since more and more natural resources have been discovered and developed, South China Sea has caught much attention from other countries. Two of them are being aggressive and obvious, which are Philippine and Vietnam. Since they are geographically close to China, they are trying to claim the baseline by using The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Moreover, The law of sea also gives them confidence to claim exclusive economic zone and contiguous zone. Beside the vocal offense, they have occupied some of the islands and setup oil fields in South China Sea. Even the military power has been sent to ensure their illegal actions. The territorial waters and natural resources have been threatened by our unfriendly neighbors. Even worse, some countries that have not located in this area are keeping eyes on South China Sea problem, such as the United States and Japan. South China Sea problem is like Achilles’ Heel to China. It could be easily countered by others who were willing to see China lose significant role in South Asia. It also could be a disadvantage for China to maintain relationships among Southeast Asia. When the South China Sea problem became a global problem, it would place China into a passive position in dealing with it. For China itself, offensive occupation in South China Sea not only brought massive damage to natural resources, but also China’s territorial water has been provoked. Unexpected military power is being a menace to innocent Chinese citizens who live around the area. In this comprehensive circumstance, China should deal with South Asia problem with cautions. China should take advantage from laws, such as litigation, arbitration and global cooperation.
Key Words:South China Sea sovereignty;In accordance with international law;Bilateral treaties;Litigation and Arbitration；