厦门集装箱码头自动化装卸系统改造方案设计与分析毕业论文

 2021-11-23 09:11

论文总字数:35053字

摘 要

在如今物流运输业飞速发展的世界,集装箱运输连接着海陆货物、远距离货物的流通运输,显得十分重要,而集装箱码头正是集装箱运输的关键节点。相比飞速发展的物流贸易,集装箱码头的码头则发展水平相形见绌。如今国内外建成了一批大型自动化集装箱码头,但是总体上看,各地集装箱码头发展水平相差大,不均匀。国内还存在许多传统集装箱码头,其装卸工艺已跟不上发展脚步,急需自动化改造建设。

本文就厦门港海沧集装箱码头的装卸系统自动化改造为例,从装卸工艺系统和总平面布置两个主要方面进行分析设计。第一部分首先检索和归纳了厦门港海沧码头的作业环境和发展前景,以此分析确定本次设计的码头设计规模以及主要设计参数。然后借鉴其他自动化集装箱码头的发展,根据堆场经典型和垂直型布置,初步设计两种装卸工艺方案。第二部分是集装箱码头机械的选型及技术参数的确定,这一部分主要是对集装箱码头上工作的岸边起重机装卸桥、堆场装卸机械、水平运输机械进行选型和配置,确定他们的技术参数。第三部分主要是进行了海沧集装箱码头平面布置。从码头前沿设计,到堆场布置,再到集装箱码头大门的布置,最后将两种平面布置与装卸工艺方案进行分析对比,综合各种因素,选出最优的方案。第四部分包括了岸边起重机的总体设计和设计方案的经济性分析。从轮压和稳定性计算、生产效率、电机功率多方面进行岸边起重机总体设计工作。经济性分析是工程设计中必不可少的一环。本文最后从经济效益和财务效益两个方面对设计方案进行技术经济性分析。

经过综合分析比较,在满足厦门港海润集装箱码头自动化改造规模设计要求的前提下,借鉴国内外大型自动化集装箱码头的装卸工艺系统,结合厦门港海润码头发展条件和趋势,设计并从中选择了自动化集装箱码头平面布置与装卸工艺最优方案。最优方案采用平行堆场装卸工艺系统,堆场装卸工作采用轨道式龙门起重机,岸边装卸作业采用单小车式岸边起重机。本文所得结论可为厦门港海润码头自动化改建工程提供一定的参考价值。

关键词:自动化;集装箱码头;装卸工艺;堆场布置

Abstract

In today's rapidly developing world of logistics and transportation, container transportation is very important because it connects the circulation of land and sea goods and long-distance goods, and container terminals are the key nodes of container transportation. Compared with the fast improvement of logistics trade, the development stage of container terminals is dwarfed. At present, a number of large-scale automated container terminals have been built at home and abroad, but overall, the development level of container terminals varies greatly and unevenly. There are still many traditional container terminals in our country. Their loading and unloading technology has not kept pace with the development and is in urgent need of automation reconstruction.

In this paper, the automatic modification of the loading and unloading system of the Hairun container terminal in Xiamen port is taken as an instance to analyze and format from two predominant aspects: the loading and unloading manner device and the normal layout. The first part first searches and summarizes the operating environment and development prospects of Hairun wharf in Xiamen port, and then analyzes and determines the design scale and main design parameters of this wharf. Then, drawing lessons from the development of other automated container terminals, according to the classical and vertical layout of the storage yard, two loading and unloading process schemes are preliminarily designed. The second part is the selection of container terminal machinery and the determination of technical parameters. This part mainly selects and configures the quayside crane loading and unloading bridge, yard loading and unloading machinery and horizontal transportation machinery working on the container terminal to determine their technical parameters. The third part is the format of the Hairun container terminal. From the design of the wharf apron to the layout of the storage yard, and then to the layout of the gate of the container terminal, finally, the two plane layouts and the loading and unloading process schemes are analyzed and compared, and the optimal scheme is selected by synthesizing various factors. The fourth part includes the overall design of the quayside crane and the economic analysis of the designed scheme. The overall design of the quayside crane is carried out from wheel pressure and stability calculation, production efficiency, and motor power. Economic analysis is an essential part of engineering design. In the end, this paper makes a technical and financial evaluation of the layout scheme from two factors of financial benefits and economic benefits.

After comprehensive analysis and comparison, on the premise of meeting the design requirements for the automation renovation scale of Xiamen Port's Hairun container terminal, referring to the loading and unloading process systems of large-scale automation container terminals at home and abroad, and combining with the development conditions and trends of Xiamen Port's Hairun terminal, the optimal plan for the layout and loading and unloading process of the automation container terminal is designed and selected. The optimal plan adopts a parallel yard loading and unloading process system. The yard loading and unloading work adopt rail gantry crane, and the shore loading and unloading work adopt a single trolley quay crane. The conclusion got in this paper can provide some reference cost for the automated reconstruction assignment of Xiamen Port Hairun Wharf.

Key Words:Automation;container terminal;handling technology;yard layout

目录

第1章 绪论 1

1.1 设计背景与意义 1

1.2 国内外集装箱码头自动化发展现状 2

1.2.1 国外集装箱码头发展现状 3

1.2.2 国内集装箱码头发展现状 3

1.3 集装箱码头装卸工艺与平面布置发展现状 4

1.3.1 集装箱码头装卸工艺发展现状 4

1.3.2 集装箱码头平面布置发展现状 5

1.4 设计的方法与内容 6

1.4.1 设计的方法 6

1.4.2 设计的内容 6

第2章 厦门港集装箱码头装卸工艺设计 8

2.1 厦门港集装箱码头概述 8

2.1.1 码头作业天数分析 8

2.1.2 设计船型分析 8

2.1.3 设计规模及主要设计参数 8

2.2 装卸工艺设计计算 9

2.2.1 泊位通过能力计算 9

2.2.2 堆场容量计算 12

2.2.3 集装箱码头大门所需车道数计算 14

2.3 装卸工艺方案设计 15

2.3.1 堆场平行岸线装卸工艺方案设计 16

2.3.2 堆场垂直岸线U型装卸工艺方案设计 16

2.4 本章小结 17

第3章 厦门港集装箱码头机械选型及技术参数确定 18

3.1 岸边集装箱装卸桥选型及配置 18

3.1.1 岸边集装箱装卸桥选型分析 18

3.1.2 岸边集装箱装卸桥配置分析 22

3.2 轨道式集装箱龙门起重机选型及配置 22

3.2.1 轨道式集装箱龙门起重机选型分析 22

3.2.2 轨道式集装箱龙门起重机配置分析 25

3.3 集装箱正面吊运机选型及配置 26

3.4 空箱堆高机选型及配置 28

3.5 水平运输机械选型及配置 29

3.6 本章小结 30

第4章 厦门港集装箱码头平面布置 31

4.1 码头前沿设计 31

4.1.1 码头岸线长度计算 31

4.1.2 码头前沿作业地带布置 31

4.2 堆场布置 32

4.2.1 堆场布置原则及布置形式 32

4.2.2 平行堆场布置 33

4.2.3 垂直U型堆场布置 34

4.3 集装箱码头大门布置 35

4.3.1 集装箱码头大门布置原则 35

4.3.2 集装箱码头大门布置形式 35

4.4 平面布置与装卸工艺方案比较 36

4.4.1 方案比较 36

4.4.2 比较分析 37

4.4.3 分析结果 37

4.5 生产、生活辅助建筑物布置 38

4.6 本章小结 38

第5章 集装箱岸边桥式起重机总体设计 39

5.1. 轮压计算和稳定性分析 39

5.2. 工作循环 44

5.3. 电机功率 45

5.4. 本章小结 46

第6章 经济性分析 47

6.1. 海润码头基本数据 47

6.2. 经济效益分析 47

6.3. 财务效益分析 48

6.4. 本章小结 49

第7章 总结 50

参考文献 51

附录一 52

附录二 53

附录三 54

致谢 55

绪论

设计背景与意义

随着国际贸易繁荣发展,我国海上集装箱运输业务量不断增加,给沿海各个港口带来前所未有的机遇和挑战。

图 1.1 世界集装箱贸易量及年增长率

——数据来源:海运述评2019,贸发会议

随着世界经济的不断发展,全球的集装箱运输业务量也迅速增长。图1.1展示了近十年世界集装箱贸易量增长趋势。除了2009年贸易量出现下降,其他年份均年年上涨,到了2018年增长速度变缓,全年增长率为2.6%,全球集装箱贸易总量达到1.52亿标准箱。

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